The implementation of a population policy requires inter-alia, a sound institutional framework for the translation of goals, objectives and strategies into actual programmes at national, sectoral and district levels as well political commitment and support.  In view of the difficulties encountered in realizing effective co-ordination of the policy and programmes, a Population Policy Implementation and Assessment Committee (PPLAC) was inaugurated in October 1989, as an interim body to advise Government on all population and related issues.

The activities of the PPIAC eventually led to the establishment of the National Population Council (NPC) in May 1992. The NPC which was placed under the office of the President was formally inaugurated on November 25, 1992. The National Population Council Act, 1994 (Act 485) was given legal status to the NPC. Between 1992 and 2000, ministerial responsibility for the NPC was given to the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning. However, in 2001, with the creation of the Ministry of Presidential Affairs, this responsibility was given to the Chief of Staff and Minister for Presidential Affairs at the Presidency.