Ghana Population Stabilization Report

Ghana is situated on the West Coast of Africa, off the Gulf of Guinea. It occupies a land area of 238,589 square kilometres and is bordered on the west by Cote d’Ivoire, east by Togo and the north by Burkina Faso. The country consists of ten administrative regions, subdivided into 170 districts to ensure efficient and effective administration at the local levels. Ghana’s economy is mainly agricultural with crops produced for both local consumption and exports. Minerals and timber also contribute to the country’s earnings. In 2009, Ghana attained lower middle-income status and in 2010, became an oil producing country. Currently, the country is said to have one of the fastest growing economies in the world, however, the continuous rapid population growth is threatening the economic progress achieved and has implications for the development of the country.

 

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RAPID -GHANA

Development is complex, multidimensional, and intricately linked with population dynamics. In recognition of these factors, the 1995 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) Programme of Action (POA) recommended integrating population factors into development planning.

The population of a country has an impact on its socioeconomic development indicators as it forms the human resource base for national growth and development and is as well  the  direct  benefciary of  development.    In Ghana,  the effects of population growth have not occurred uniformly
nationwide, just as population dynamics are not homogenous across the country.

Ghana has over the years adopted several measures such the Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategies I & II (GPRS I & II) and the Ghana Shared Growth Development Agenda (GSGDA, 2010 – 2013) to achieve macroeconomic stability with  varying  degrees  of  success.    In  recent  times,  infation declined steadily, reaching single-digit levels before rising again in 2013. Substantial economic growth and increases in per capita income over time have accompanied these declines in infation rates. Real GDP increased an average of 4.3 percent from 1998 to 2002 and surpassed 8 percent in 2008 falling slightly to 7.6 percent by 2013…

 

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National Condom and Lubricant Strategy (NCLS) 2016-2020

The availability and use of condoms and lubricant is essential for preventing the spread of Sexually Transmitted   Infections   (HIV   and   STIs) and unplanned pregnancies. In recent times, expects have sought   to   draw   the   attention   of   policy and decision-makers to the strong linkage between family planning (including condom use) and development.

In Ghana, this recognition has led to the development of several national policies, plans and strategies.

 

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Increasing Investments in the Sexual and Reproductive Health and Wellbeing of Adolescents and Young People In Ghana

Young people in every society constitute both the current and potential human capital of a nation’s development. In order to ensure that young people have a fulflling sexual and reproductive life, appropriate investments must be made in their health and socio-economic well-being.

Demographic Profile of Young People in Ghana
In the fifty-year period between 1960 and 2010, the population of young people (10–24 years) increased more than fourfold, from 2,461,856 (28.7%) in
1960 to 7,849,520 (32.0%) in 2010. This number is expected to further increase to 8,955,000 over the next two decades resulting in the largest-ever cohort of young people in the history of the country

Ghana Family Planning Costed Implementation Plan (2016-2020)

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The Government of Ghana (GoG) has committed to increasing the modern contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) to 30 per cent amongst married and 40 per cent amongst unmarried, sexually active women by 2020. Full implementation of the Ghana Family Planning Costed Implementation Plan, 2016–2020 (GFPCIP) by the GoG and partners will enable Ghana to reach its ambitious but realistic goals.

Comprehensive sexual and reproductive health and rights care, including family planning, is not only a health and rights issue. It is a developmental necessity, as it also improves livelihoods and promotes economic growth. Therefore, providing quality reproductive health services to women, men, and adolescents and ensuring consistent CPR growth is a priority for the GoG. Improving CPR and increasing the uptake of long-term family planning will provide multiple benefits to Ghana by accelerating development and reducing pressure on the nation’s resources.

 

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Investing In Family Planning As A Pathway To Improved Nutrition For National Development

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Ghana’s success at her development efforts, particularly in reaping the demographic dividend and attaining an upper middle income status depends largely on the health of its people. With strong healthy, educated and economically empowered citizens, Ghana will prosper and thrive as her citizens would be able to contribute meaningfully to her wealth creation and prosperity. One of the best ways to ensure good health is through proper nutrition especially at the early stages of life. However, in many parts of the country, proper nutrition remains a big challenge especially among poor communities.
Good nutrition has tremendous benefits for individuals, families and communities in countless ways. It improves physical growth and intellectual development. This leads to better performance at school by young people and in the long run, greater productivity in the labour force as well as increased household wages thus lifting many families out of poverty. Recent findings associate 10.5 percent of all class repetitions in Ghanaian schools to stunting. This makes issues of nutrition exceptionally critical in our development efforts. A key way to improve the nutritional status of women, infants and children is through investment in Family Planning.

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